Ikan Mas Ciri-Cirinya

Indonesia is known for its diverse marine life, including various species of fish. One of the most popular fish in Indonesia is the ikan mas. Ikan mas is a freshwater fish that is commonly found in rivers and lakes throughout the country. In this article, we will explore the characteristics and features of ikan mas.


Ikan mas is a type of carp and is characterized by its golden yellow color. It has a long and slender body with a forked tail. The scales of ikan mas are small and shiny, which gives it a beautiful appearance. The dorsal fin of ikan mas is quite long, and it has two shorter side fins. The mouth of ikan mas is small and has no teeth.

The size of ikan mas can vary, but it can grow up to 60 cm in length and weigh up to 5 kg. However, most ikan mas that are sold in the market are around 20-30 cm in length.

Overall, ikan mas has a beautiful appearance that makes it a popular choice for ornamental purposes. It is often kept in ponds and aquariums as a decorative fish.


Ikan mas is a freshwater fish that can be found in rivers, lakes, and ponds throughout Indonesia. It prefers slow-moving or stagnant water with a muddy or sandy bottom. Ikan mas is a hardy fish and can tolerate a wide range of water conditions, including low oxygen levels and high temperatures.

In the wild, ikan mas feeds on algae, insects, small crustaceans, and other small aquatic animals. However, ikan mas that are kept in captivity are usually fed with commercial fish feed.

Ikan mas is a social fish and prefers to live in groups. In the wild, they form schools and swim together. When kept in captivity, ikan mas should be kept in groups of at least three to five fish.


Ikan mas is an active and lively fish. It is known for its jumping ability and can leap out of the water to catch insects or other food on the surface. Ikan mas is also a fast swimmer and can quickly dart away from predators.

Ikan mas is a peaceful fish and can coexist with other fish species that have similar temperaments. However, it can become aggressive towards other fish during the breeding season. In captivity, it is important to provide enough space for ikan mas to swim and hide to avoid territorial disputes.

Ikan mas is a hardy fish and can adapt to a variety of water conditions. However, it is sensitive to sudden changes in water temperature, pH level, and other water parameters. It is important to maintain a stable water environment for ikan mas to thrive.


Ikan mas reaches sexual maturity at around two to three years of age. They spawn during the rainy season when the water level is high. The female ikan mas can lay up to 300,000 eggs, which are sticky and attach to plants or other objects in the water.

The eggs hatch within a week, and the fry can swim on their own after a few days. The fry should be fed with small amounts of food several times a day. As they grow, they can be gradually fed with larger and more nutritious food.

In captivity, ikan mas can be bred using hormone injections or natural breeding methods. However, breeding ikan mas can be challenging, and it requires a lot of knowledge and experience.


Ikan mas is a beautiful and popular fish in Indonesia. It has a unique appearance, hardy nature, and active behavior that makes it a great addition to any aquarium or pond. By understanding the characteristics and features of ikan mas, we can appreciate and care for this fish better.

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